Office of Management and Budget

related topics
{government, party, election}
{service, military, aircraft}
{law, state, case}
{company, market, business}
{work, book, publish}
{rate, high, increase}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is a Cabinet-level office, and is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP).

The current OMB Director is Jacob Lew.

Contents

History

The Bureau of the Budget, OMB's predecessor, was established as a part of the Department of the Treasury by the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921, which was signed into law by President Warren G. Harding. The Bureau of the Budget was moved to the EOP in 1939, and reorganized into OMB in 1970 during the Nixon administration[1]. The first OMB included Roy Ash (head), Paul O'Neill (assistant director), Fred Malek (deputy director) and Frank Zarb (associate director) and two dozen others. In the 1990s, OMB was reorganized to remove the distinction between management staff and budgetary staff by combining those dual roles into each given program examiner within the Resource Management Offices[2].

Mission

The OMB's predominant mission is to assist the President in overseeing the preparation of the federal budget and to supervise its administration in Executive Branch agencies. In helping to formulate the President's spending plans, the OMB evaluates the effectiveness of agency programs, policies, and procedures, assesses competing funding demands among agencies, and sets funding priorities. The OMB ensures that agency reports, rules, testimony, and proposed legislation are consistent with the President's Budget and with Administration policies.

In addition, the OMB oversees and coordinates the Administration's procurement, financial management, information, and regulatory policies. In each of these areas, the OMB's role is to help improve administrative management, to develop better performance measures and coordinating mechanisms, and to reduce any unnecessary burdens on the public.

Structure

Overview

The Office contains significant numbers of both career and politically appointed staff; OMB staff provide important continuity within the EOP since several hundred career professionals remain in their positions regardless of which party occupies the White House. Six positions within OMB – the Director, the Deputy Director, the Deputy Director for Management, and the administrators of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, the Office of Federal Procurement Policy, and the Office of Federal Financial Management are presidentially appointed and Senate-confirmed positions.

Full article ▸

related documents
United States Department of State
United Nations General Assembly
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
Propaganda Due
Althing
Foreign relations of Venezuela
Non-Departmental Public Body
History of the United States National Security Council 1947–1953
Omar Torrijos
Foreign relations of Iceland
History of the United States National Security Council 1969–1974
Spoils system
Daniel D. Tompkins
List of Governors of Florida
Vice president
People First Party (Republic of China)
Natural Law Party (United States)
Representative democracy
United States presidential election, 1892
United States presidential election, 1908
Electoral reform
United States presidential election, 1812
United States presidential election, 1792
United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor
Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre
Foreign relations of Zimbabwe
Jane Byrne
Tribune
International Lesbian and Gay Association
Senate