Oil Springs Reservation, Allegany County, New York

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Oil Springs Reservation is an Indian reservation of the Seneca tribe located in New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the Indian reservation had a total population of 11, none of whom are Native American. Although the reservation is controlled by the Seneca tribe, as of 2005 no tribal members actually live on the Oil Springs Reservation. It is divided between two counties: Allegany County and Cattaraugus County. The reservation is northwest of the village of Cuba.

The petroleum-tainted water of the spring was used for the natives medicinally and was known to Jesuit missionaries as early as the 17th century. The Senecas own two tax-free gas stations on the reservation.



According to the United States Census Bureau, the Allegany County portion of the Indian reservation has a total area of 0.6 mi² (1.6 km²). Most of it is land while 1.64% is water.[2]

The Cattaraugus County portion of the Indian reservation has a total area of 0.4 mi² (1.0 km²), all land.[2]


Allegany County portion

As of the census[1] of 2000, there are 9 people, 2 households, and one family residing in the Indian reservation. The population density is 15.1/mi² (5.8/km²). There are 12 housing units at an average density of 20.1/mi² (7.7/km²). Eight of the nine people living on this portion of the reservation are White, with the ninth person being from two or more races.

There are two households. One has eight people: a married couple with five children (one male, four female) under the age of 18 (the oldest, at age 12, being the median age of this portion of the reservation) and one other male resident; the other is a single man. One household is made up of individuals who are 65 years of age or older.

Of the four adults, one is between the ages of 18 and 24, two are between 25 and 44, and the other is between 45 to 64 year of age. Three are male and one is female.

The median income for a household in the Indian reservation is $51,250, and the median income for a family is $0. Males have a median income of $51,250 versus $0 for females. The per capita income for the Indian reservation is $50,571. None of the population is below the poverty line.

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