Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

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Oklahoma City is the capital and the largest city in the state of Oklahoma. The county seat of Oklahoma County,[3] the city ranks 31st among United States cities in population.[4] The city's estimated population, as of July 1, 2009, was 560,333,[5] with an estimated metro-area population of 1,206,142.[6] In 2008, the Oklahoma City-Shawnee Combined Statistical Area had a population of 1,275,758 residents.[7] Oklahoma City's city limits extend into Canadian, Cleveland, and Pottawatomie counties, though much of those areas are rural or suburban. The city ranks as the eighth-largest city in the United States by land area which includes consolidated city-counties; it is the largest city in the United States by land area whose government is not consolidated with that of a county (or, in the case of Alaska, a borough, or in the case of Louisiana, a parish). The city is the largest city and metro area in population of the traditional 'plains states' as well as the South Central United States outside of Texas.

Oklahoma City is an important livestock market, featuring one of the top livestock markets in the world.[8] Oil, natural gas, and petroleum products are major products of the economy, as the city is situated in the middle of an oil field, with oil derricks even on the capitol grounds. Several prominent energy companies are headquartered in Oklahoma City. The city has varied light and heavy industries. The federal government is also a significant employer; located in within the City limits are Tinker Air Force Base and the United States Department of Transportation's Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center, which houses several offices of the Federal Aviation Administration along with the Transportation Department's Enterprise Service Center.

The city was founded during the Land Run of 1889, and grew to a population of over 10,000 within hours of its founding. The city was the scene of the April 19, 1995 bombing attack of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, in which 168 people lost their lives. It was the worst terror attack in the history of the United States before the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, and remains the worst act of domestic terrorism in U.S. history.

Oklahoma City lies along one of the primary corridors into Texas and Mexico, and is just three hours by car to the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. The city is located in the Frontier Country region of the state and the northeast part of the city lies in a ecological region known as the Cross Timbers. Since the time weather records have been kept, Oklahoma City has been struck by nine violent tornadoes, eight (E)-F4's and one F5.[9] On May 3, 1999 parts of southern Oklahoma City and nearby communities suffered one of the most powerful tornadoes on record, an F-5 on the Fujita Scale, with wind speeds topping 318 mph (510 km/h). This tornado was part of the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak.

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