The Olympic Oath (distinct from the Olympic creed) is a solemn promise made by one athlete -- as a representative of each of the participating Olympic competitors; and by one judge -- as a representative of each officiating Olympic referee or other official, at the opening ceremonies of each Olympic Games. It was spoken in Chinese at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing and in Italian at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin.
The athlete, from the team of the organizing country, holds a corner of the Olympic Flag while reciting the oath :
The judge, also from the host nation, likewise holds a corner of the flag but takes a slightly different oath:
A call for an oath was announced as early as 1906 by International Olympic Committee (IOC) president and founder Pierre de Coubertin in the Revue Olympique (Olympic Review in French). This was done in an effort to ensure fairness impartiality.
The Olympic Oath was first taken at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp by a fencer/water polo player. The first judge's oath was taken at the 1972 Winter Olympics in Sapporo.
Victor Boin's oath in 1920 was
In 1961, "swear" was replaced by "promise" and "the honour of our countries" by "the honour of our teams" in an obvious effort to eliminate nationalism at the Olympic Games. The part concerning doping was added at the 2000 Summer Olympics.
The athletes and judges that have delivered the Olympic Oath are listed below.
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