Oolitic, Indiana

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Oolitic is a town in Indian Creek and Shawswick townships, Lawrence County, Indiana, United States. The population was 1,152 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Oolitic is located at 38°53′44″N 86°31′29″W / 38.89556°N 86.52472°W / 38.89556; -86.52472 (38.895513, -86.524696)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km²), all of it land.

Geology

The town is built upon oolitic limestone, which gives the town's name. The town was founded for the purpose of quarrying this material, for building purposes.

Oolitic was originally platted as "Limestone" on September 26, 1888. In 1896 the name was sent to Washington D. C., to allow a post office to be established. The request was refused because of a town already named Limestone, Indiana. Doctor R. B. Short suggested using "Oolitic", and Oolitic became incorporated on November 4, 1901. The word Oolitic was used as an adjective for Oolitic limestone (derived from the Greek word oolite, meaning eggs and stone). Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed of calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate and quartz, along with the small shells and eggs left behind when this area was covered by an inland sea. Found immediately north of Oolitic are some of the largest Limestone quarries in the world, many of them in continuous operation since the 1830s. Many famous buildings are built of Oolitic Limestone. Probably the most famous is the Empire State Building. Visitors can see the "Empire Hole," about 1/2 mile north of Oolitic

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,152 people, 507 households, and 337 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,431.1 people per square mile (556.0/km²). There were 563 housing units at an average density of 699.4/sq mi (271.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.78% White, 0.17% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.35% of the population.

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