Orangeburg County, South Carolina

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Orangeburg County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of 2000, the population was 91,582. The 2005 Census Estimate placed the population at 92,167.[1] Its county seat is Orangeburg.[2]



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,128 square miles (2,922 km²), of which 1,106 square miles (2,865 km²) is land and 22 square miles (57 km²) (1.94%) is water.


Orangeburg Judicial District was formed by European Americans in 1769 from a mostly unorganized upland area between the Congaree and Savannah rivers. A county, initially of the same name but later Orange, was organized within the district but deorganized in 1791.

About half of Orangeburg District, the southwest portion bordering on the Savannah River, was separated as Barnwell District in 1800. In 1804 the northern third of the county was separated to form the new Lexington District, which gained another, smaller portion of Orangeburg District in 1832.

In 1868, under the revised state constitution, South Carolina districts became counties, with officials elected by the resident voters rather than by state officials, as done previously.

A small western portion of Orangeburg County was annexed to the newly formed Aiken County in 1871. In 1908 the northern portion of the County along the Congaree River was separated and included in the newly formed Calhoun County, with its seat at Saint Matthews. In 1910 a small western portion of Berkeley County, around Holly Hill and Eutawville, was annexed to Orangeburg County, thus bringing the county to its present size.

Adjacent Counties

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