Oreland, Pennsylvania

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Oreland is a United States census-designated place (CDP) in Springfield Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania and Upper Dublin Township, Pennsylvania, just outside of the Chestnut Hill and Mount Airy areas of Philadelphia, with a ZIP code of 19075. The population was 5,509 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Oreland is located at 40°6′52″N 75°10′48″W / 40.11444°N 75.18°W / 40.11444; -75.18 (40.114510, -75.179880)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.8 km²), of which, 1.5 square miles (3.8 km²) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.

History

Oreland, as part of Springfield Township, was settled as one of William Penn's manors.

In 1686, a man named Thomas Fitzwater discovered vast lime deposits on his land in Oreland. He erected a kiln to process it which, by 1693, had attracted the attention of William Penn. Penn ordered a highway built from the port of the Delaware River to the kiln. Named Limekiln Pike, and still in existence today, it was one of the first roads in the area. These lime deposits and the ore deposits also found gave Oreland its name. Mining and farming would dominate Oreland's economy until the 20th century. The 20th century marked Oreland's turn into a residential suburb of Philadelphia, as it remains today.

The village of Oreland was not laid out until 1889 near the North Penn Railroad running along the east side of town (currently SEPTA's Lansdale/Doylestown Line). The Plymouth Railroad ran from Conshohocken to Oreland through Plymouth and Flourtown, Pennsylvania. The tracks were mostly removed in the 1980s. The path where the trains used to run begins Northeast of the Oreland Station Apartments next to Ehrenpfort Road and runs Southwest towards Flourtown. The actual tracks, which still connect to SEPTA's Lansdale/Doylestown Line, end near the corner of Montgomery Avenue and Lyster Road. The path continues all the way to Flourtown, although in the 1990s the path was cut at Oreland Mill Road by housing built on both sides. The remainder of the path today is used primarily by children, runners and bikers.

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