Organization of American States

related topics
{government, party, election}
{law, state, case}
{country, population, people}
{work, book, publish}
{language, word, form}
{group, member, jewish}
{theory, work, human}

The Organization of American States (OAS, or, as it is known in the three other official languages, OEA) is an international organization, headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States.[1] Its members are the thirty-five independent states of the Americas, although Honduras was suspended as a result of the June 28, 2009 coup d’état that expelled President Manuel Zelaya from office.[2]

Contents

History

The notion of closer hemispheric union in America was first put forward by Simón Bolívar[3] who, at the 1826 Congress of Panama, proposed creating a league of American republics, with a common military, a mutual defense pact, and a supranational parliamentary assembly. This meeting was attended by representatives of Gran Colombia (comprising the modern-day nations of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela), Peru, the United Provinces of Central America, and Mexico, but the grandly titled "Treaty of Union, League, and Perpetual Confederation" was ultimately only ratified by Gran Colombia. Bolívar's dream soon floundered with civil war in Gran Colombia, the disintegration of Central America, and the emergence of national rather than continental outlooks in the newly independent American republics. Bolívar's dream of American unity was meant to unify Latin American nations against imperial domination by external power.

The pursuit of regional solidarity and cooperation again came to the forefront in 1889–90, at the First International Conference of American States. Gathered together in Washington, D.C., 18 nations resolved to found the International Union of American Republics, served by a permanent secretariat called the Commercial Bureau of the American Republics (renamed the "International Commercial Bureau" at the Second International Conference in 1901–02). These two bodies, in existence as of 14 April 1890, represent the point of inception to which today's OAS and its General Secretariat trace their origins.

Full article ▸

related documents
Politics of Ukraine
One country, two systems
Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Governor of Maryland
United Nations Security Council
Politics of the Isle of Man
Politics of Turkey
Charles Evans Hughes
Politics of the Maldives
Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland
Recall election
John Jay
Politics of Côte d'Ivoire
Loretta Sanchez
European Free Alliance
Politics of Mauritius
United States presidential election, 1824
Politics of São Tomé and Príncipe
United Australia Party
President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
President of the People's Republic of China
Politics of Nicaragua
Politics of Chile
United Kingdom general election, 1979
Cumann na nGaedhael
United States presidential election, 1836
John Engler
Taoiseach
Australian House of Representatives