Orland, Indiana

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Orland is a town located in the northwest corner of Steuben County, Indiana in Millgrove Township at the intersection of State Road 120 and State Road 327. The population was 341 at the 2000 census. Orland was founded by John Stocker.

Contents

History

Orland is recognized as the first settlement in Steuben County,[4] populated by immigrants from Vermont and originally known as Vermont Settlement. Each year in late July, Orland celebrates this heritage with the Vermont Settlement Festival.

In the decades leading up to the American Civil War, Orland was a stop on the Underground Railroad, sheltering and protecting runaway slaves until they could complete the journey to Windsor, Ontario, Canada. The home of Russell Brown was said to contain a secret apartment on the second floor, complete with a separate stairway, in which 15 to 20 slaves might hide. S. U. Clark's hotel also was said to have a secret hiding place behind a basement cupboard, while the Butler family south of Orland "fed and sheltered scores of them and then took them on to other stations."[5]

At one time or another during the period leading up to the Civil War, Brown, Clark, Benjamin Waterhouse, and Captain Samuel Barry were arrested for violating the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.[6] Both Waterhouse and Barry were convicted, with Barry serving 1 hour in jail and paying a $30 fine (although other sources put the fine at $1000).[7]

Geography

Orland is located at 41°43′50″N 85°10′11″W / 41.73056°N 85.16972°W / 41.73056; -85.16972.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.7 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 341 people, 137 households, and 90 families residing in the town. The population density was 512.8 people per square mile (199.5/km²). There were 153 housing units at an average density of 230.1/sq mi (89.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.83% White, 0.29% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.29% of the population.

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