Oscar class submarine

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The Project 949 (Granit) and Project 949A (Antey) Soviet Navy/Russian Navy cruise missile submarines are known in the West by their NATO reporting names, the Oscar-I and Oscar-II classes, respectively.

Project 949 submarines were the largest cruise missile submarines in service, until the Ohio class SSGN cruise missile submarine converted from SSBN and returned to service on October 15, 2007, and the third largest submarines in terms of displacement and length. Only the Typhoon class Soviet/Russian submarines and the American Ohio class ballistic missile submarines are larger.


Project 949 Granit

Two Project 949 Granit submarines were built at Severodvinsk and assigned to the Soviet Northern Fleet:

  • K-525 Arkhangelsk, laid down July 25, 1975; launched May 3, 1980; commissioned December 30, 1980, decommissioned July 31, 1996[1], scrapped at Sevmash 2001
  • K-206 Murmansk (ex-Minskiy Komsomolets), laid down April 22, 1979; launched December 10, 1982; commissioned November 30, 1983, renamed Murmansk on April 6, 1993, decommissioned April 16, 1996[1], scrapped at Zvezdochka 2004

Project 949A Antey

Eleven Project 949A Antey submarines were completed at Severodvinsk. Five were assigned to the Soviet Northern Fleet:

  • K-148 Krasnodar, laid down July 22, 1982; launched March 3, 1985; commissioned September 30, 1986; named Krasnodar" June 3, 1992[1], removed from active service, status unclear
  • K-119 Voronezh, laid down February 25, 1986; launched December 16, 1988; commissioned December 29, 1989; named Voronezh April 6, 1993[1], 01.2009-05.2009 overhaul at Zvezochka, active
  • K-410 Smolensk, laid down December 9, 1986; launched January 20, 1990; commissioned December 22, 1990; named Smolensk April 6, 1993[1], inactive, from 2007 waiting at Zvezdochka for overhaul
  • K-266 Orel, (ex-Severodvinsk), laid down January 19, 1989; launched May 22, 1992; commissioned December 30, 1992; named Severodvinsk December 1991; renamed Orel April 6, 1993[1], active
  • K-141 Kursk, laid down March 22, 1992; launched May 16, 1994; commissioned December 30, 1994; lost August 12, 2000; raised September–October 2001

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