Ossip Zadkine

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Ossip Zadkine (Russian: Осип Цадкин; July 14, 1890 – November 25, 1967) was a Russian-born artist who lived in France. He is primarily known as a sculptor, but also produced paintings and lithographs.


Early years and career

Zadkine was born as Yossel Aronovich Tsadkin (Russian: Иосель Аронович Цадкин) in Vitebsk, Belarus, then part of the Russian Empire. His father was Jewish; his mother was of Scottish ancestry.

After attending art school in London, Zadkine settled in Paris about 1910. There he became part of the new Cubist movement (1914-1925). He later developed his own style, one that was strongly influenced by African art.

Zadkine served as a stretcher-bearer in the French Army during World War I, and was wounded in action. He spent the World War II years in America. His best-known work is probably the sculpture "The Destroyed City" (1951-1953), represents a man without a heart, a memorial to the destruction of the center of the Dutch city Rotterdam in 1940 by the German Luftwaffe.[1]

Personal life

Zadkine taught at his own school of sculpture. He died in Paris in 1967 at the age of 77 after undergoing abdominal surgery[1] and was interred in the Cimetière du Montparnasse. His former home and studio is now the Musée Zadkine.



Ossip Zadkine in Deurne, The Netherlands, 1928, Photo: N. Wiegersma/Zadkine Foundation

'Lotophage', bronze sculpture by Ossip Zadkine, 1961-1962, Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel

De Verwoeste Stad, 1951-1953, Rotterdam 51°55′04″N 4°29′01″E / 51.9177°N 4.4837°E / 51.9177; 4.4837Coordinates: 51°55′04″N 4°29′01″E / 51.9177°N 4.4837°E / 51.9177; 4.4837

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