related topics
{son, year, death}
{work, book, publish}
{film, series, show}
{church, century, christian}
{specie, animal, plant}
{black, white, people}
{country, population, people}
{language, word, form}
{war, force, army}
{theory, work, human}
{album, band, music}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}

Ouida (1 January 1839[1] – 25 January 1908) was the pseudonym of the English novelist Maria Louise Ramé (although she preferred to be known as Marie Louise de la Ramée).



Ramé was born in Bury St. Edmunds, England, to a Guernsey born French-speaking father and an English mother.[2][3] She derived her pen name from her own childish pronunciation of her given name "Louise".[4] Her opinion of her birthplace fluctuated; in one of her books she states

During her career, she wrote more than 40 novels, children's books and collections of short stories and essays. She was an animal lover and rescuer, and at times owned as many as thirty dogs. For many years she lived in London, but about 1874 she moved to Italy, where she remained until her death in 1908.

Ouida's work had several successive phases during her career. Her first novel, Held in Bondage was published in 1863, when she was 24.[4] In her early period, her novels were considered "racy" and "swashbuckling", a contrast to "the moralistic prose of early Victorian literature" (Tom Steele)[4] comprising a hybrid of the sensationalism of the 1860s and the proto-adventure novels that were being published in part as a romanticization of imperial expansion. Later her work was more typically historical romance, though she never stopped comment on contemporary society. She also wrote several stories for children.

One of her most famous novels, Under Two Flags, described the British in Algeria and expressed sympathy for the French—with whom Ouida deeply identified—and, to some extent, the Arabs. This book was adapted in plays (it was also adapted and produced four times as a film). As another sign of influence, the American author Jack London cited her novel Signa, which he read at age eight, as one of the eight reasons for his literary success.[5]

Of short stature "sinister, clever face" and with a "voice like a carving knife" (William Allingham's diary 1872), she moved into the Langham Hotel, London in 1867, where she wrote in bed, by candlelight, with the curtains drawn and surrounded by purple flowers.[6] She ran up huge hotel and florists bills, and commanded soirees that included soldiers, politicians, literary lights (including Oscar Wilde, Algernon Swinburne, Robert Browning and Wilkie Collins), and artists (including John Millais).[4] Many of her stories and characters were based upon people she invited to these salons at The Langham. [6]

Full article ▸

related documents
Luis Cernuda
Elias Canetti
Jacint Verdaguer
Katherine Swynford
Henri Estienne
Georg Trakl
George Buck
Hans Sloane
Philip James Bailey
Anatole France
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Giosuè Carducci
Pauline Phillips
Marcus Didius Falco
Agrippa II
John VIII Palaiologos
Childebert II
Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
Cleopatra II of Egypt
Emperor Shōkō
Philip V of France
Carloman I
John Pentland Mahaffy
Robert III of Scotland
Max Ernst
Caroline of Brunswick
Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia
Johann Christian Günther
Feodor II of Russia
Theodore Dreiser