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PLUR is an acronym that stands for "Peace Love Unity Respect," quote American terminology, a credo or mantra[1] of the rave culture. Many in the rave scene have heard this term at some time or another, although its common usage is relatively recent. Early 1990s and mid-1980s ravers often followed similar principles, but did not use this coinage to describe their beliefs.[citation needed] It may be interpreted as the way that a raver believes he or she should live his or her life, and how people are expected to behave at a rave. This philosophy of the rave culture theoretically takes precedence over any chemical aspects of the rave scene.[2]

PLUR can also be viewed as a more mainstream variant of its predecessor, PLE (Peace,Love,Ecstasy), because it removes the drug reference. PLE was mainly used in Europe in the early 1990s, when the rave scene became a youth subculture.



  • Peace - Hostility typically serves no purpose other than to defend an ego that is lacking inner peace.
  • Love - Acts and feelings of goodwill towards all others are a moral imperative with their own rewards.
  • Unity - This can mean either that:
  • Respect - A person must show regard for the feelings of others through their actions and inaction, and one must have respect for oneself.


PLUR can find its roots in the mid 80's with the acid house movement. At these acid house parties there would be visuals repeating the words "Peace, Love, Unity". But there are several versions on the origin of the acronym and the adding of "Respect" to the "PLU":

According to one legend [3], the term PLUR was coined by the DJ Frankie Bones in response to a fight that broke out while he was mixing and he stopped the show to say, "If you don't start showing some peace, love, and unity, I'll break your fucking faces." However it wasn't until later on, in discussions of the speech on the usenet newsgroup alt.rave, that "Respect" was added to the Peace, Love and Unity to create the now ubiquitous acronym P.L.U.R.

PLUR and Kandi Culture

When Kandi bracelets are exchanged, there is usually a series of hand gestures symbolizing the units of "PLUR" - Peace, Love, Unity, and Respect. Peace is signified by both parties making a two-finger peace sign and touching finger tips. Love is signified by both parties forming a heart, with the main fingers forming the upper curve and the thumbs touching to form the bottom tip. Unity is signified by the touching of open palms. Respect is signified by the clasping of upright hands. The Kandi bracelets are then passed over the clasped hands, without breaking contact. After the exchange of the Kandi, PLUR etiquette generally requires ravers to hug.

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