Palestinian views of the peace process in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict

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Palestinian views of the peace process refer to the views of Palestinians in the ongoing peace talks with Israel. While some Palestinian leaders say that the peace process is intended to achieve a permanent peace with the State of Israel, others maintain that their goal is to destroy Israel.[1][2]



After the Israeli War of Independence, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) defined as a Palestine refugee any person who lived in Palestine under the British Mandate for at least two years prior to the Israeli victory and "who lost both their homes and means of livelihood as a result of [it]".[3] The attitude of Palestinians toward the concept of "land for peace" depends largely on their individual social and economic status. Their social circumstances are largely affected by their inability to become citizens of the states in which they reside.[4]

The most recent draft of the Palestinian constitution by the National Committee expresses a desire to adhere to international law as set out by the United Nations and to give all people within its borders human and civil rights. Many Palestinian refugees would like to return to their original homes (see right to return), often regardless of what state they would then find themselves in.[5]

Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad

Ismail Haniyeh, political leader of Hamas [6]

The stated goal of Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is to conquer Israel and replace it with an Islamist state.[7] Hamas undertook a ceasefire with Israel in August 2004. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad was unhappy with the ceasefire.[8][9] In September 2005, Hamas was criticized by Islamic Jihad for calling off rocket attacks on Israel from Gaza. Because the very identity of Hamas depends on its militancy and rejection of any form of Jewish life in the Middle East, Hamas has shown no interest in cooperating with the United States on any sort of peace negotiation.[10]

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