Pana, Illinois

related topics
{household, population, female}
{city, population, household}
{land, century, early}
{build, building, house}
{line, north, south}
{ship, engine, design}
{language, word, form}
{area, community, home}
{village, small, smallsup}

Pana is a city in Christian County, Illinois, United States. The population was 5,614 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Pana is located at 39°23′14″N 89°4′52″W / 39.38722°N 89.08111°W / 39.38722; -89.08111 (39.387136, -89.081186).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 square miles (6.9 km²), all of it land.

History

Pana, Illinois, in Christian County, was first known as Stone Coal Precinct when it was founded on June 6, 1845. The name was later changed to Pana Township on September 2, 1856. In 1857, the village of Pana was incorporated. It was at the intersection of east-west and north-south railroads, and had supplies of fuel and water for the steam engines of the railroad.

The name "Pana" is derived from the Native American tribe, the Pawnee. Pawnee became "pani" or "slave" in the French patois or creole that developed in Illinois. This evolved into "Pana"[2].

Pana was the site of the Pana Coal Strike, an attempt to break/avert the coal mine unions around 1900. It pitted city/township versus county law enforcement, which culminated with a declaration of martial law and the control of Pana by the national guard[3].

Pana came to be known as the City of Roses, coined by local newsmen, the Jordan Brothers. Because of a weather and geographical anomaly, Pana has very few hail storms, making it ideal for the greenhouse industry; along with its ample supply of coal. Many major florists and growers set up shop here. At one time, there were 109 greenhouses in Pana.

Kitchell Park, one of the few parks listed in the United States National Register of Historic Places, is located in Pana and was added to the Register in 1992.

Historian James Loewen identified Pana as a "Sundown town" (a town in which African-Americans were not allowed to reside, named for the common rule that they must leave town by sundown) in his book, Sundown Towns.

Notable people

Full article ▸

related documents
Grand Tower, Illinois
Hillsboro, Kansas
Chelsea, Iowa
Westphalia, Missouri
Manning, Iowa
Kaplan, Louisiana
Goshen, Kentucky
Evarts, Kentucky
Harvey, Iowa
Elk Run Heights, Iowa
Stuart, Iowa
Kiron, Iowa
Isabel, Kansas
Tonganoxie, Kansas
Courtland, Minnesota
Tangent, Oregon
Wallowa, Oregon
Rantoul, Kansas
Bromley, Kentucky
Mount Hope, West Virginia
Woodland Mills, Tennessee
Thompson, Iowa
Spring Hill, Iowa
Northwest, North Carolina
Braymer, Missouri
Sullivan, Illinois
Fairview Heights, Illinois
Almont, North Dakota
Radium, Kansas
Pomeroy, Iowa