related topics
{theory, work, human}
{work, book, publish}
{system, computer, user}
{law, state, case}
{disease, patient, cell}
{rate, high, increase}
{school, student, university}
{ship, engine, design}
{film, series, show}
{god, call, give}
{math, energy, light}
{game, team, player}
{specie, animal, plant}
{group, member, jewish}

Parapsychology is a discipline that seeks to investigate the existence and causes and conditions of psychic abilities, near-death experiences, out-of-the-body experiences, crisis apparitions, retro-cognitions, reincarnation memories, regression memories, prophecy, astrology, ghosts and life after death.[1] Parapsychological experiments have included the use of random number generators to test for evidence of precognition and psychokinesis with both human and animal (e.g. cat) subjects[2][3][4] and Ganzfeld experiments to test for extrasensory perception.[5]

Parapsychological laboratory and field research is conducted through private institutions and several universities.[6] Privately-funded units in psychology departments at universities in the United Kingdom are among the most active today.[7] In the United States, interest in research peaked in the 1970s and university-based research has declined since then, although private institutions still receive considerable funding from donations.[8] While parapsychological research has occasionally appeared in mainstream academic journals,[9][10][11][12] most of the recent research is published in a small number of niche journals.[13] Journals dealing with parapsychology include the Journal of Parapsychology, Journal of Near-Death Studies, Journal of Consciousness Studies, Journal of the Society for Psychical Research and Journal of Scientific Exploration.

Parapsychologists describe parapsychology as an emerging science,[14][15][16] however the status of parapsychology as a science is disputed.[17] While the results of parapsychologists' experiments are regarded by the Parapsychological Association as having demonstrated the existence of some forms of psychic abilities,[18] critics argue that methodological flaws can explain the apparent experimental successes.[19] External scientists and skeptics have criticized the discipline as being a pseudoscience because, as they see it, parapsychologists continue investigation despite not having demonstrated conclusive evidence of psychic abilities in more than a century of research,[20][21][22] nor have the parapsychologists ever produced over one or two centuries a single theory that might explain to magician's or laymen's satisfaction what they are experimenting about.[23]

Full article ▸

related documents
Homo economicus
Faith and rationality
Objectivity (philosophy)
Omnipotence paradox
Falun Gong
George Lakoff
John Searle
Logical positivism
Social Darwinism
Michel Foucault
Sociology of knowledge
Stephen Jay Gould
Turing test
Cultural studies
Problem of universals
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Technological singularity
Noble Eightfold Path
Friedrich Hayek
Tragedy of the commons
Where Mathematics Comes From