Parowan, Utah

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Parowan (pronounced /ˈpærəwɑːn/) is a city in and the county seat of Iron County, Utah, United States.[3] The population was 2,565 at the 2000 census.

Parowan became the first incorporated city in Iron County in 1851. A fort that had been constructed on the east side of Center Creek the previous year was an initial in the development of ironworks in the region. Parowan served as the agricultural support base for the local iron industry, whose blast furnace was located in nearby Cedar City. Eventually, the ironworks were decommissioned.

Despite occasional successes, the mission failed to produce a consistent and sustained supply of pig iron. By 1858, most of the area's mining operations had ceased due to disappointing yields. Today, the area's chief industries are recreation and tourism.

Contents

Geography

Parowan is located at 37°50′28″N 112°49′52″W / 37.84111°N 112.83111°W / 37.84111; -112.83111 (37.841156, -112.831068).[4] It sits at 5,990 feet (1,830 m) in elevation on the eastern edge of Parowan Valley, and at the mouth of Parowan Canyon.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.8 square miles (15.1 km²), all of it land.

History

Southern Utah's first settlement and county seat of Iron County, Parowan City blends a rich historical past with present-day, small-town hospitality. Set in a beautiful natural location, it serves as a year-round gateway to Brian Head Resort and Cedar Breaks National Monument. Its elevation is 5,970 feet (1,820 m); its population in 1990 was 1,873.

Fremont and Anasazi Indians were the first known inhabitants of Parowan. Petroglyphs, pithouses, arrowheads, pottery, and manos dating from A.D. 750 to 1250 found in the area are evidence that it was on a major thoroughfare of early Native Americans. At Parowan Gap, a natural mountain pass twelve miles (19 km) northwest of Parowan, ancient Indians inscribed petroglyphs on smooth-surfaced boulders that feature snakes, lizards, mouse-men, bear claws, and mountain sheep. In addition, the Old Spanish Trail also passed through the area.

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