Patriotic Union of Kurdistan

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The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) (Kurdish: یەکێتیی نیشتمانیی کوردستان / Yeketî Niştîmanî Kurdistan‎) is a Kurdish political party in South Kurdistan. [1] The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) was founded on June 1, 1975, by coordinations between Jalal Talabani and Nawshirwan Mustafa. Mustafa was the leader of an independent socialist movement that adopted Kurdish nationalism called "Komeley Renjderan," some two months after the collapse of the Kurdish rebellion of 1974-1975 created a moment of profound crisis for the Kurdish people in Iraqi Kurdistan, the organization's aim was to revitalize resistance and to rebuild and redirect Kurdish society along modern and democratic lines. Talabani, a former student leader, lawyer, journalist and resistance leader, has been the Secretary General of the PUK since its founding in 1975. The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan works for self-determination, human rights, democracy and peace for the Kurdish people of Kurdistan and Iraq. The Secretary General is Jalal Talabani, the current president of Iraq. The current Deputy Secretary General is Kosrat Rasool Ali. The PUK's policy and decision making is issued mainly by Talabani.



Discontent within the KDP

The PUK traces its political heritage to Sulaymaniyah native Ibrahim Ahmad. After the collapse of the Soviet-backed Kurdish Mahabad Republic in Iran in early 1947, Ibrahim Ahmad, previously the Sulaymaniyah representative of the Iranian KDP (from now on referred to as KDP-I), joined the newly formed Iraqi KDP. Ahmad was a highly influential Leftist intellectual, who by 1951 had succeeded in rallying most of the Iraqi Kurdish leftist-nationalists to the new Iraqi KDP, which in turn, took the opportunity to convene a second Party Congress and duly elect Ahmad as secretary-general (effectively acting Chairman). [2]

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