related topics
{theory, work, human}
{black, white, people}
{country, population, people}
{rate, high, increase}
{group, member, jewish}

Patriotism is a love and devotion to one's country. It has had different meanings over time and its meaning is highly dependent upon context, geography, and philosophy.

It is a related sentiment to nationalism, but nationalism is not necessarily an inherent part of patriotism.[1][2][3]

The English term patriot is first attested in the Elizabethan era, via Middle French from Late Latin (6th century) patriota "fellow countryman", ultimately from Greek patriōtēs "fellow countryman". The abstract noun patriotism appears in the early 18th century.[4]



During the 19th century, patriotism became increasingly conflated with nationalism, but when used in contrast with nationalism, the term may still express the more constructive, less antagonistic or aggressive ideal.[1][5] In classical 18th century patriotism, loyalty to the State was chiefly considered in contrast to loyalty to the Church, and it was argued that clerics should not be allowed to teach in public schools as their patrie was heaven, so that they could not inspire love of the homeland in their students. One of the most influential proponents of this classical notion of ptitsatriotism was Jean-Jacques Rousseau.[1]

Philosophical issues

Patriotism may be strengthened by adherence to a national religion (a civil religion or even a theocracy). This is the opposite of the separation of church and state demanded by the Enlightenment thinkers who saw patriotism and faith as opposing forces. , such as Michael Billig or Jean Bethke Elshtain argue that the difference is difficult to discern and relies largely on the attitude of the labeller.[6]

Country-specific issues

Full article ▸

related documents
Carleton S. Coon
Class struggle
J. Philippe Rushton
New Left
Sydney Push
Environmental movement
Alfred North Whitehead
Scottish Enlightenment
Thomas Szasz
Utopian and dystopian fiction
Counterfactual history
Social dynamics
Scientific mythology
Zora Neale Hurston
William of Ockham
Master race
Universal (metaphysics)
Pathological science
Ganzfeld experiment
Psychoanalytic theory
Problem of other minds
Individual capital
Gregory of Nyssa