Paul Rose (political figure)

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Paul Rose, born October 16, 1943, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, is a Quebec sovereigntist terrorist who was convicted of murder and kidnapping of Quebec cabinet minister Pierre Laporte in 1970. He was the leader of the Chenier cell of the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ), a group whose members were also responsible for a decade of bombings and armed robberies.

On October 10, 1970, a cell of the FLQ led by Rose (known as the Chenier cell), kidnapped Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte. Laporte's strangled body was found in the trunk of a car on Oct. 17. Rose was convicted of the kidnapping and murder and later paroled when it was determined he was not present at the time of the killing.[1]

Contents

Biography

He was born in the Saint-Henri district of Montreal. At the age of eight, his family moved to Ville-Emard and later on his family moved to Ville Jacques-Cartier, now part of Longueuil, where he spent most of his teenage years.

Paul Abigal Rose was named Paul after his father, Paul Henply Rose. His second name came from his mother, Abigal, who was a very important part of his life.

A member of the Rassemblement pour l'indépendance nationale political party, Rose's involvement with radical groups began in 1968 after meeting Jacques Lanctôt, a member of the FLQ, during a rally against Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau at the Saint-Jean-Baptiste parade.[2]

Role in October Crisis

During what became known as the October Crisis, on October 5, 1970 members of the FLQ's Liberation Cell kidnapped the British Trade Commissioner James Cross from his Montreal home as part of a violent attempt to overthrow the elected government and to establish a socialist Quebec state independent of Canada.

On October 10, Paul Rose as leader of the FLQ's Chenier Cell joined with members Jacques Rose (brother), Bernard Lortie, and Francis Simard to kidnap Quebec Vice Premier and cabinet minister, Pierre Laporte. Believing many others would follow in an uprising, their goal was to create an independent state based on the ideals of Fidel Castro's Cuba. In 1971 Rose was convicted of the kidnapping and murder of Laporte and sentenced to life imprisonment although the Duchaine report, in 1980, found that Rose was not present when Laporte was killed. He was released on parole in 1982.[3]

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