Paxton, Nebraska

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Paxton is a village in Keith County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 614 at the 2000 census.



According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 614 people, 237 households, and 169 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,118.4 people per square mile (431.0/km²). There were 248 housing units at an average density of 451.7/sq mi (174.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.72% White, 0.49% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.63% of the population.[3]

There were 237 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the village the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $28,523, and the median income for a family was $34,063. Males had a median income of $25,833 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the village was $12,988. About 9.2% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.


The town of Paxton was founded by Pax Loche, an immigrant Scotsman who arrived in the area to farm a homestead. Paxton was first known as Alkali Flats. It was later changed to Paxton for an area rancher named Bill Paxton.

The Paxton area was settled in the later part of the 19th century by homesteaders of predominantly northern European extraction. Each homestead would consist of 1/4 section of land on which would be a home, barn and other needed buildings. Water was either taken from the North Platte River or the aquifer, which allowed the production of corn, winter wheat and other assorted vegetable crops in addition to raising livestock for consumption and sale. Each homestead would consist of a married couple and their children, giving a population density of about 40 to 60 people per square mile.

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