Peer review

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Peer review is a generic term for a process of self-regulation by a profession, or a process of evaluation involving qualified individuals within the relevant field. Peer review methods are employed to maintain standards, improve performance, and provide credibility. In academia the term is often used to denote a prepublication reviews of academic papers; reviewing an academic paper is often called refereeing.



The process and content of peer review may vary substantially depending on the profession and the purpose of the review. The key elements Peer and Review define and describe the term.

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