People's Action Party

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The People's Action Party (abbrev: PAP; simplified Chinese: 人民行动党; traditional Chinese: 人民行動黨; pinyin: Rénmín Xíngdòngdǎng; Malay: Parti Tindakan Rakyat; Tamil: மக்கள் செயல் கட்சி) is the leading political party in Singapore. It has been the city-state's ruling political party since 1959.

From the 1963 general elections, the PAP has dominated Singapore's parliamentary democracy and has been central to the city-state's rapid political, social, and economic development.[1] However, it has been criticised for laws that suppress free speech and other civil liberties.

In the 2006 Singapore general election, the PAP won 82 of the 84 elected seats in the Parliament of Singapore while receiving 66.6% of total votes cast.[2]


Political development

The party was formed in 1954 by English-educated middle-class professional men who had returned from their university education in the United Kingdom.

In 1954, Lim Chin Siong, along with his Chinese High senior,[clarification needed] Fong Swee Suan, was introduced to Lee Kuan Yew. Despite their ideological differences, the three men knew that they shared one common goal: to bring about full independence for Singapore. Together with Lee and others, Lim and Fong became founder members of the PAP on 21 November 1954.

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