Peru, Indiana

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Peru is a city in, and the county seat of, Miami County, Indiana, United States. The population was 12,994 at the 2000 census, making it the most populous city in Miami County[3].

Residents usually pronounce the name of Peru like the name of the South American nation of Peru. Elderly Hoosiers commonly use the archaic pronunciation of /ˈpɪəruː/ PEER-oo.

Contents

History

Peru was founded in 1834 by Jason C Smith.[4] Early in the 20th Century, Peru was home to a pioneering automobile maker, Model Automobile Company;[5] like most others, Model did not survive.

Geography

Peru is located at 40°45′28″N 86°4′4″W / 40.75778°N 86.06778°W / 40.75778; -86.06778 (40.757690, -86.067791)[6], along the banks of the Wabash River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12.1 km²), of which, 4.6 square miles (12.0 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.86%) is water. Peru is the largest town or city in Miami County.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 12,994 people, 5,410 households, and 3,397 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,815.5 people per square mile (1,085.9/km²). There were 5,943 housing units at an average density of 1,287.7/sq mi (496.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.71% White, 2.95% African American, 1.52% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, and 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population.

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