Petra

related topics
{god, call, give}
{church, century, christian}
{island, water, area}
{city, large, area}
{land, century, early}
{line, north, south}
{language, word, form}
{country, population, people}
{build, building, house}
{system, computer, user}
{rate, high, increase}
{film, series, show}
{village, small, smallsup}
{theory, work, human}

Petra (Greek "πέτρα" (petra), meaning rock; Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ) is a historical and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma'an that is known for its rock cut architecture and water conduits system. Established sometime around the 6th century BCE as the capital city of the Nabataeans,[2] it is a symbol of Jordan as well as its most visited tourism attraction.[2] It lies on the slope of Mount Hor[3] in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985.

The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It was described as "a rose-red city half as old as time" in a Newdigate Prize-winning sonnet by John William Burgon. UNESCO has described it as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage."[4] Petra was chosen by the BBC as one of "the 40 places you have to see before you die".[5]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Labarum
John the Evangelist
Lumen Gentium
Alms
Sangha
Juan Diego
Leda and the Swan
Apostles' Creed
Abgar V of Edessa
Amarna
History of discovery and distribution of the remains of Aegean civilization
Jerome
Temple
Bartholomew the Apostle
Paschal candle
Ephrem the Syrian
Gargoyle
Ebionites
Vitus
Kumbakonam
Execution by burning
Palenque
Glastonbury
Pope Clement I
Pilgrimage
Hoysala Empire
Second Temple
Ithaca
Colossus of Rhodes
Nippur