Philip V of France

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Philip V (1292 – 3 January 1322),[1] called Philip the Tall (French: le Long), was King of France and Navarre (as Philip II) and Count of Champagne from 1316 to his death, and the second to last of the House of Capet. Considered a wise and politically astute ruler, Philip took the throne under questionable circumstances, but he became a "strong and popular" king over the course of his reign. Notable as a prominent figure in the late crusading movement, Philip died while embroiled in the administrative reform of southern France.


Personality and Marriage

Philip was born in Lyon, the second son of King Philip IV of France and Queen Joan I of Navarre, assuming the title of the Count of Poitou. Modern historians have described Philip V as a man of "considerable intelligence and sensitivity", and the "wisest and politically most apt" of Philip IV's three sons.[2] Philip was influenced both by the troubles and unrest that his father had encountered during 1314, and the difficulties that his older brother – Louis X, known as "the Quarreler" had faced during the intervening few years.[3] At the heart of both Philip IV and Louis X's problems were taxes, and the difficulty in raising them outside of crises.[4]

Philip married Joan, the Countess of Burgundy and the eldest daughter of Otto IV, Count of Burgundy, in 1307.[5] The original plan had been for Louis X to marry Joan, but this was altered after Louis was engaged to Margaret.[6] Modern scholars have found little evidence as to whether the marriage was a happy one, but the pair had a considerable number of children in a short space of time,[7] and Philip was exceptionally generous to Joan by the standards of the day.[8] Philip went to great lengths not only to endow Joan with lands and money but to try to ensure that these gifts were irrevocable in the event of his early death.[9] Amongst the various gifts were a palace, villages, additional money for jewels and her servants, the property of all the Jews in Burgundy and the entire county of Burgundy itself, which he gave Joan in 1318.[10]

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