Pinyin

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Pinyin (Chinese: 拼音; pinyin: pīnyīn) is the official system to transcribe Chinese characters to teach Mandarin Chinese in mainland China, Macau, Taiwan, Malaysia and Singapore.[1]

It is also often used to spell Chinese names in foreign publications and used as an input method to enter Chinese characters (hanzi) into computers.

The romanization system was developed by a government committee in the People's Republic of China (PRC) and published by the Chinese government in 1958.[2] The International Organization for Standardization adopted pinyin as the international standard in 1982.[3]

This romanization system also became the national standard in the Republic of China (ROC, commonly known as Taiwan) on January 1, 2009.[4][5]

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