Pioneer movement

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A pioneer movement is an organization for children operated by a communist party. Typically children enter into the organization in elementary school and continue until adolescence. The adolescents then typically joined Komsomol or a similar organization. Prior to the 1990s there was a wide cooperation between pioneer and similar movements of about 30 countries, coordinated by the international organization, International Committee of Children's and Adolescents' Movements (French: Comité international des mouvements d'enfants et d'adolescents, CIMEA), founded in 1958, with headquarters in Budapest.



In most communist countries, membership of the pioneer movement is officially optional.[citation needed] Many features of the pioneer movement made it essentially different from Scout movement, particularly as the Scout movement is independent of government control and political parties.[citation needed] For example, there were no separate organizations for boys and girls. During the existence of the USSR, thousands of Young Pioneer camps and Young Pioneer Palaces were built exclusively for Young Pioneers, which were free of charge, sponsored by the government and Trade Unions .[citation needed] There were many newspapers and magazines published for Young Pioneers in millions of copies.[citation needed]

Some features, however, are reminiscent of the Scout movement. The two movements share some principles like preparedness and promotion of sports and outdoor skills.[citation needed] The pioneer movement also includes teaching of communist principles. Opponents of Communist states claim that this is a form of indoctrination.[citation needed]

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