Piscataquis County, Maine

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Piscataquis County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. In 2000, its population was 17,235, making it Maine's least-populous county. Its county seat is Dover-Foxcroft[1].

Piscataquis County was incorporated on 23 March 1838, taken from parts of adjacent Penobscot and Somerset counties. It is located at the geographic center of Maine. Originally it extended north to the Canadian border, but in 1844 its northern portion was annexed by Aroostook County. In land area, Piscataquis is one of the largest U.S. counties east of the Mississippi River. It is also one of two counties in the northeast that meets Frederick Jackson Turner's requirements for "frontier" country - that is, having fewer than six inhabitants per square mile, the other being Hamilton County, New York.

Piscataquis is an Abenaki word meaning "branch of the river" or "at the river branch."

Baxter State Park, a large wilderness preserve, is located in Piscataquis County.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,377 square miles (11,337 km²), of which 3,966 square miles (10,272 km²) is land and 411 square miles (1,065 km²) (9.39%) is water. The largest lake in the county is Moosehead Lake at 120 square miles (310 km²). The highest natural point in the county and the state of Maine is Mount Katahdin at 5,271 feet (1,606 meters), while the geographic center is Greeley Landing in the Town of Dover-Foxcroft.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 17,235 people, 7,278 households, and 4,854 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 13,783 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.84% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 0.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.6% were of English, 16.4% French, 15.3% United States or American and 11.5% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 2.0% French as their first language.

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