Plzeň

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 - Plzeň

 - Starý Plzenec

 - Dýšina

 - Chrást

 - Kyšice

 - Plzeň

Plzeň (Czech pronunciation: [ˈpl̩.zɛɲ]  ( listen); German: Pilsen; English: Pilsen) is a city in western Bohemia in the Czech Republic. It is the capital of the Plzeň Region[2] and the fourth most populous city in the Czech Republic. It is located about 90 km west of Prague at the confluence of four rivers--the Radbuza, the Mže, the Úhlava, and the Úslava--which form the Berounka River.

The city is known worldwide for Pilsener beer. Pilsen was in September 2010 selected by an official jury to be put forward to join the Belgian city of Mons as the European capital of culture in 2015.

Contents

History

Plzeň was first mentioned as a castle in 976, as the scene of a battle between Duke Boleslaus II of Bohemia and Emperor Otto II. It became a town in 1295 when King Wenceslaus II granted Plzeň its civic charter as a special "Royal City" and established a new town site, located some 10 km away from the original settlement, which is the current town of Starý Plzenec. It quickly became an important town on trade routes leading to Nuremberg and Regensburg; in the 14th century, it was the third-largest town in Bohemia after Prague and Kutná Hora. During the Hussite Wars, it was the centre of Catholic resistance to the Hussites: Prokop the Great unsuccessfully besieged it three times, and it joined the league of Romanist nobles against King George of Podebrady. In 1468, the town acquired a printing press; the Troyan Chronicle, the first book published in Bohemia, was printed on it.

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