Požega, Croatia

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Požega is a town in western Slavonia, eastern Croatia, with a population of 28,201 (census 2001). It is the administrative center of the Požega-Slavonia County.

Two state roads run concurrently through the city: the D38 Pakrac — Požega — PleternicaĐakovo and the D51 Nova Gradiška — Požega — Našice, as well as a railroad: Nova Kapela/BatrinaPleternica — Požega — Velika.

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Geography

Požega (elevation: 152 m (499 ft)) is located in the south-western part of the Valley of Požega, or Požega basin, in Croatian: Požeška kotlina. This fertile valley was important since the antiquity - its Roman name was Vallis Aurea, meaning "golden valley".

The valley is formed by the Slavonian mountains of Požeška Gora, Psunj, Papuk, Krndija and Dilj.

History

The first mention of the city of Požega (German: Poschegg, Hungarian: Pozsega) is found in the Gesta Hungarorum, by an anonymous notary of Bela III (1172–1196) where he mentions the conquest of three forts in Slavonia - as the area between rivers Danube and Sutla was then called: Zagreb, Vlco (Vukovar) and Posega. The fortress of Požega, an elongated hexagonal fortification located on a hill in the present-day city center, was probably built during the 11th century, although the first documents that clearly mention Požega county date from 1210, while the city of Požega was documented for the first time in a charter of Andrew II[disambiguation needed] on January 11, 1227.

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