Point Baker, Alaska

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Point Baker is a census-designated place (CDP) in Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 35 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Point Baker is located at 56°21′9″N 133°37′43″W / 56.3525°N 133.62861°W / 56.3525; -133.62861 (56.352425, -133.628479)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.0 square miles (2.6 km²), of which, 1.0 square miles (2.5 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (3.96%) is water. In 1975, Pt Baker made national news when Zieske v Butz, a landmark lawsuit against the US Forest Service brought by residents Charles Zieske, Alan Stein, and Herb Zieske, was decided by Judge Van der Heydt, the Alaska Federal District court judge. The lawsuit stopped planned clear cutting on 400,000 acres (1,600 km2) on the north end of Prince of Wales Island. The law suit was initiated by Alan Stein and the Point Baker Association which had about 30 fishermen members from the communities of Pt baker and Port Protection. On December 24, 1975, Van der Hedyt issued an injunction against all clearcutting on the North end of the island from Red Bay to Calder Bay.

Congress lifted the injunction when it passed the National Forest Management Act in 1976. Twice more Pt Baker made headlines. In 1989 many of its residents opposed clear cutting in Salmon Bay which was protected by Congress in the Tongass Timber Reform Act of 1990. This statute also protected all the salmon streams in the Tongass with 100-foot-wide (30 m) buffer strips during logging operations.

As of February 2010, Senators Murkowski and Begich are pushing Senate Bill 881 through Congress. The bill has gone through extensive community meetings and subsequently the bill has changed and controversial areas, such as north Prince of Wales, have been removed from the draft bill. The draft bill is not about privatizing land, in fact the bill guarantees public access for subsistence and recreation activities on economic development lands.

Recently a recall petition has been launched from Pt Baker's sister community, Edna Bay http://www.ednabayalaska.net/

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 35 people, 13 households, and 9 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 36.4 people per square mile (14.1/km²). There were 23 housing units at an average density of 23.9/sq mi (9.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.43% White, 2.86% Native American, and 5.71% from two or more races.

There were 13 households out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 2.9% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 105.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.7 males.

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