Poland, Chautauqua County, New York

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Poland is a town in Chautauqua County, New York, U.S. The population was 2,467 at the 2000 census.

The Town of Poland is on the county's eastern border.



The town was first settled in 1804. The Town of Poland was formed in 1832 from part of the Town of Ellicott.

The early economy was based on forestry, but after the trees were cut down, agriculture dominated.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.9 square miles (95.5 km²), of which, 36.8 square miles (95.2 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.27%) is water.

The Southern Tier Expressway (Interstate 86 and New York State Route 17) passes across the northern part of the town. US Route 62 and New York State Route 394 pass through the town.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,467 people, 940 households, and 708 families residing in the town. The population density was 67.1 people per square mile (25.9/km²). There were 990 housing units at an average density of 26.9/sq mi (10.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.14% White, 0.69% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.18% of the population.

There were 940 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $37,195, and the median income for a family was $41,728. Males had a median income of $31,862 versus $22,036 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,115. About 6.6% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

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