Politics of Andorra

related topics
{government, party, election}
{country, population, people}
{law, state, case}
{company, market, business}
{area, part, region}
{war, force, army}
{woman, child, man}
{area, community, home}
{church, century, christian}
{system, computer, user}
{household, population, family}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of

The politics of Andorra take place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic country, whereby the Head of Government of Andorra is the chief executive, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Before 1993, Andorra's political system had no clear division of powers into executive, legislative, and judicial branches. A constitution ratified and approved in 1993 establishes Andorra as a sovereign parliamentary democracy, that retains as heads of state a co-principality (or duumvirate), but the head of government retains executive power. The two co-princes serve coequally with limited powers that do not include an individual veto over government acts (however, a bill can in effect be "vetoed" if both do not sign the legislation). They are each represented in Andorra by a delegate.

The fundamental impetus for this political transformation was a recommendation by the Council of Europe in 1990 that, if Andorra wished to attain full integration in the European Union (EU), it should adopt a modern constitution that guarantees the rights of those living and working there. A Tripartite Commission – made up of representatives of the co-princes, the General Council, and the Executive Council – was formed in 1990 and finalized the draft constitution in April 1991, making the new Constitution of Andorra a fact.

Full article ▸

related documents
Politics of Syria
Politics of Moldova
Aleksander Kwaśniewski
Politics of Latvia
Politics of Iceland
Referenda in Canada
Politics of Indonesia
Politics of Libya
History of the Republic of Turkey
Democratic Party – demokraci.pl
Politics of the Solomon Islands
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
United States presidential election, 1820
Whig Party (United States)
European People's Party–European Democrats
United States presidential election, 1832
Continuity Irish Republican Army
Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Politics of Bulgaria
Gerhard Schröder
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Single-party state
Lech Wałęsa
United States presidential election, 1896
Politics of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Guy Verhofstadt
Politics of Seychelles
Politics of Kenya
Politics of Slovenia