Politics of Eritrea

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Politics and government of

Politics of Eritrea takes place in a framework of a single-party presidential republic, whereby the Eritrean President of State is both head of state and head of government and a single-party state, led by the People's Front for Democracy and Justice. The National Assembly of 150 seats, formed in 1993 shortly after independence, elected the current president, Isaias Afewerki. It is ironic that the party in power chose to name itself the People's Front for Democracy and Justice as it has not led to a democracy, as there was no general elections since its official rise to power in 1993. They are governed under the constitution of 1993. A new constitution was made in 1997, but was not implemented. The national assembly selects the president. The national assembly has 150-seats that are popularly elected.There are 6 administrative regions in Eritrea.

Following a successful referendum on independence for the Autonomous Region of Eritrea between 23 and 25 April 1993, on 19 May of that year the Provisional Government of Eritrea (PGE) issued a Proclamation regarding the reorganization of the Government. It declared that during a four-year transition period, and sooner if possible, it would draft and ratify a constitution, prepare a law on political parties, prepare a press law, and carry out elections for a constitutional government. In March 1994, the PGE created a constitutional commission charged with drafting a constitution flexible enough to meet the current needs of a population suffering from 30 years of civil war as well as those of the future, when stability and prosperity change the political landscape.

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