Politics of Uruguay

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The Politics of Uruguay abide by a presidential representative democratic republic, under which the President of Uruguay is both the head of state and the head of government, as well as a multiform party system. The president exercises executive power and Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of the General Assembly of Uruguay. The Judiciary branch is independent from that of the executive and legislature.

The Colorado and National parties have been locked in a power struggle, alternating throughout most of Uruguay's history. The elections of 2004, however, brought the Encuentro Progresista-Frente Amplio-Nueva Mayoría, a coalition of socialists, former Tupamaros, communists, social democrats, and Christian Democrats among others to power with majorities in both houses of parliament. A majority vote elected President Tabaré Vázquez.

In 2009, the majority was once again for the Broad Front, however, the amount of votes for the Broad Front didn't reach consensus, as the majority must be from more than half of the votes casted, so, it was necessary for a runoff to decide the next President. José Mujica and Luis Alberto Lacalle (supported by its former rivals, the Colorado Party) disputed the runoff, resulting in a win for the Broad Front candidate, thus being the second President of Uruguay from that party, being as well, the second consecutive.

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