Politics of the Federated States of Micronesia

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This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Federated States of Micronesia

The politics of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. The President of the Federated States of Micronesia is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

The internal workings of the FSM are governed by the 1979 constitution, which guarantees fundamental human rights and establishes a separation of governmental powers. The Federation is in free association with the United States; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986.


Executive branch

The president and the vice president are elected by Congress from among the four senators-at-large for four-year terms. The president is both the chief of state and head of government. Their congressional seats are then filled by special elections. The president and vice president are supported by an appointed cabinet.

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