Pope-elect Stephen

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Stephen was a priest of Rome elected Pope in March of 752 to succeed Pope Zachary; he died of stroke a few days later, before being ordained a bishop.[1] He was a cardinal presbyter, with the titulus of San Crisogono (the same titulus as Cardinal Frederick of Lorraine, later Pope Stephen IX), chosen by Pope Zachary in 745.


Dual Papal numbering

The Annuario Pontificio included this Stephen as a Pope until the Second Vatican Council (1962–65) declared that he was not, and gave all papal Stephens that followed dual numberings.[1]

From 752 to 942, seven popes reigned bearing the name of Stephen. Originally, they were not otherwise distinguished, as regnal numbering was not applied to popes until the 10th century. They were named Stephen II to VIII respectively after their death. The next Pope to take the name Stephen in 1057, however, after numbering had become a custom, was called Stephen IX during his life and signed all his documents "Stephanus Nonus Papa".

See also



  • Bishop of Rome, Patrick Saint-Roch
  • Onomastics, Pontifical, Bernd-Ulrich Hergemöller
    in Philippe Levillain (editor), The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, Routledge, 2002, 1780, p. ISBN 0-415-93752-3

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