Population

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{country, population, people}
{woman, child, man}
{rate, high, increase}
{theory, work, human}
{company, market, business}
{specie, animal, plant}
{law, state, case}
{household, population, female}
{city, population, household}
{work, book, publish}

A population is all the organisms that both belong to the same species and live in the same geographical area. The area that is used to define the population is such that inter-breeding is possible between any pair within the area and more probable than cross-breeding with individuals from other areas. Normally breeding is substantially more common within the area than across the border.[1]

In sociology, population refers to a collection of human beings. Demography is a sociological discipline which entails the statistical study of human populations. This article refers mainly to human population.

Contents

World human population

As of 2 January 2011, the world population is estimated by the United States Census Bureau to be 6.892 billion.[2]

According to papers published by the United States Census Bureau, the world population hit 6.5 billion (6,500,000,000) on 24 February 2006. The United Nations Population Fund designated 12 October 1999 as the approximate day on which world population reached 6 billion. This was about 12 years after world population reached 5 billion in 1987, and 6 years after world population reached 5.5 billion in 1993. The population of some countries, such as Nigeria and China is not even known to the nearest million,[3] so there is a considerable margin of error in such estimates.[4]

Population growth increased significantly as the Industrial Revolution gathered pace from 1700 onwards.[5] The last 50 years have seen a yet more rapid increase in the rate of population growth[5] due to medical advances and substantial increases in agricultural productivity, particularly beginning in the 1960s,[6] made by the Green Revolution.[7] In 2007 the United Nations Population Division projected that the world's population will likely surpass 10 billion in 2055.[8] In the future, world population has been expected to reach a peak of growth, from there it will decline due to economic reasons, health concerns, land exhaustion and environmental hazards. There is around an 85% chance that the world's population will stop growing before the end of the century.[citation needed] There is a 60% probability that the world's population will not exceed 10 billion people before 2100, and around a 15% probability that the world's population at the end of the century will be lower than it is today. For different regions, the date and size of the peak population will vary considerably.[9]

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