Port Tobacco Village, Maryland

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{land, century, early}
{build, building, house}
{household, population, female}
{county, mile, population}
{son, year, death}
{black, white, people}
{town, population, incorporate}
{god, call, give}
{island, water, area}
{church, century, christian}
{government, party, election}
{village, small, smallsup}

Port Tobacco, officially Port Tobacco Village, is a town in Charles County, Maryland, United States. The population was 15 at the 2000 census, making Port Tobacco the smallest incorporated town in Maryland.[1]

This was historically the territory of Algonquian-speaking peoples, especially the Potapoco and the more dominant Piscataway. Settled by the English in the 17th century and established in 1727, the town on the Port Tobacco River soon became the second largest in Maryland. The first county seat of Charles County, it was a seaport with access to the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean. It declined rapidly after river traffic was cut off and it was bypassed by the railroad. Last, the county seat was moved in 1895 to La Plata.

In recent years, the former court house has been renovated for use as a historical museum. In 2007 a consortium started the Port Tobacco Archeology Project, devoted to revealing the history of Native Americans, and colonial Europeans and Africans. Because of its unique history, the area is "one of the richest archeological sites in Southern Maryland."[2]

A few miles south, St. Ignatius Church and cemetery at St. Thomas Manor comprise a complex designated as a National Historic Landmark, notable as an Jesuit mission center of the 17th century and possibly the oldest continuously operating Roman Catholic parish in the United States (a church[which?] in New Mexico also makes that claim). The complex at Chapel Point has scenic views overlooking the Potomac River. John Hanson, President of the U.S. Continental Congress, was born nearby.[3]

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