The Portland Beavers was the name of separate minor league baseball teams, which represented Portland, Oregon, in the Pacific Coast League (PCL). The team was established in 1903, the first year of the PCL. The most recent form of the Beavers exist presently as a Triple-A team representing Tucson, Arizona.
Many baseball teams have been known as the Portland Beavers; the most recent club, began operating in Portland since 2001 and recognized the history of all previous incarnations as its own, stating it was established in 1903, the same year the Pacific Coast League was established. The actual team name, the Beavers, originated in 1906 following a newspaper contest to rename the existing Portland team that was created in 1901 when the Portland Baseball Club was started by a group of Portland businessmen.
Along with the Los Angeles Angels, Oakland Oaks, Sacramento Solons, San Francisco Seals, and Seattle Rainiers, a Portland Beavers club was a charter member of the Pacific Coast League in 1903. Along with Sacramento, Portland was one of two charter cities that had a team in the PCL (as of the 2010 season), the other cities having been taken over by Major League Baseball franchises.
Following the 2010 season, the Beavers were placed for sale and relocation because of the lack of a suitable stadium in Portland, as PGE Park is being remodeled into a soccer-only configuration for the MLS's 2011 expansion Portland Timbers. In 2010, the Beavers are being sold to Jeff Moorad, principal owner of the San Diego Padres.
Establishment of a Portland team: 1903–1918
On December 10, 1902, Henry Harris, the owner of the California League's San Francisco team announced that the Pacific Northwest League team from Portland, the Portland Webfoots, and a new team from Seattle were joining with the California League to create the Pacific Coast League (PCL). Before the Portland franchise joined the PCL, the president of the Pacific Northwest League, Henry Lucas, was adamant in keeping the Portland franchise in his league. A team in the Pacific Northwest League was formed called the Portland Green Gages, which folded early in its first season. When the Portland PCL team first started playing, they were known as the Portland Browns. In their first season, classified as an independent league, the PCL featured six teams including the Browns. The Browns finished their first season fifth in the PCL. During the 1904 season, the Browns finished with a record of 79–136. The 136 losses still stands a record in the PCL as most losses for a team in a single season. Other records for that season include the most errors in a season (669), and the lowest single-season team fielding percentage (.929).
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