Prajapati

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In Hinduism, Prajapati (Sanskrit prajā-pati,ਪ੍ਰਜਾਪਤੀ,ਪਰਜਾਪਤ,پرحلپتئ‎ प्रजापति "lord of creatures") is a Hindu deity presiding over procreation, and protector of life. He appears as a creator deity or supreme God Viswakarma Vedic deities in RV 10 and in Brahmana literature. Vedic commentators also identify him with the creator referred to in the [1]Nasadiya Sukta. Viśvákarma, one of the prajāpatis, the sons of Lord Brahmā who generate progeny[2]

In later times, he is identified with Vishnu, Shiva, with the personifications of Time, Fire, the Sun, etc. He is also identified with various mythical progenitors, especially (Manu Smrti 1.34) the ten lords of created beings first created by Brahmā, which are the Prajapatis:

The Mahabharata mentions, in the words of celestial sage Narada, 14 Prajapatis (lit:caretakers of the Praja), namely:

The Kumhars, a potter caste, claim descendant from Prajapati[4], and therefore are known as Prajapati.[5]

Possible equivalent

The name of /PRA-JĀ[N]-pati/ ('progeny-potentate') is etymologically equivalent to that of the oracular god at Kolophōn (according to Makrobios[6]), namely /PRŌto-GONos/. According to Damaskios, Prōtogonos (also known as Phanēs) had four heads, those of "a Serpent (Drakōn)... and a bull; a man, and a god",[7] while Prajā-pati is likewise reckoned as 4-headed [one head each having produced deva-s (gods), ṛṣi-s (sages), pitṛ-s (ancestors), and nara-s (humans), according to the Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa[8]].

See also

References

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