Precognition

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Precognition (from the Latin præ-, “before,” + cognitio, “acquiring knowledge”), also called future sight,[1] refers to perception that involves the acquisition or effect of future information that cannot be deduced from presently available and normally acquired sense-based information or laws of physics and/or nature.[2][3] The related terms, premonition (from the Latin praemonēre) and presentiment refer to information about future events that is perceived as emotions. The terms are usually used to denote a seemingly parapsychological or extrasensory process of perception, including clairvoyance. Psychological processes have also explained the phenomena.

As with other forms of extrasensory perception, the existence of precognition is not accepted by the mainstream scientific community, because no replicable demonstration has ever been achieved.[4] Scientific investigation of extrasensory perception (ESP) is complicated by the definition which implies that the phenomena go against established principles of science.[5] Specifically, precognition would violate the principle that an effect cannot occur before its cause.[5] However, there are established biases, affecting human memory and judgment of probability, that create convincing but false impressions of precognition.[6]

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