Premier of Western Australia

related topics
{government, party, election}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{build, building, house}

The Premier of Western Australia is the head of the executive government in the Australian State of Western Australia. The Premier has similar functions in Western Australia to those performed by the Prime Minister of Australia at the national level, subject to the different Constitutions. The current Premier is Colin Barnett who was sworn into office by Governor Ken Michael on 23 September 2008.[1]

Contents

Function

The premier must be a member of one of the two Houses of the Parliament of Western Australia; by convention the premier is a member of the lower house, the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. He or she is appointed by the governor on the advice of the lower house, and must resign if he or she loses the support of the majority of that house. Consequently, the premier is almost always the leader of the political party or coalition of parties with the majority of seats in the lower house.

History

The office of premier of Western Australia was first formed in 1890, after Western Australia was officially granted responsible government by Britain in 1889. The Constitution of Western Australia does not explicitly provide for a premier, and the office was not formally listed as one of the executive offices until the appointment of Ross McLarty in 1947. Nonetheless, John Forrest immediately adopted the title on taking office as first premier of Western Australia in 1890, and it has been used ever since.

John Forrest was the only premier of Western Australia as a self-governing colony. Following the Federation of Australia in 1901, Western Australia became an Australian state and the responsibilities of the office of premier were diminished.

Party politics began in Western Australia with the rise of the Labor party in 1901. By 1904, the party system was entrenched in Western Australian politics. Since then the premiers have been associated with political parties.

Western Australia's constitution contains nothing to preclude the premier being a member of the upper house, the Western Australian Legislative Council. Historically and by convention, however, the premier is a member of the Assembly. The only exception has been Hal Colebatch, a member of the Legislative Council who accepted the premiership in April 1919 on the understanding that an Assembly seat would be found for him, only to resign a month later when no seat could be found.

Full article ▸

related documents
List of Governors of Florida
Politics of the Federated States of Micronesia
Politics of Paraguay
United Kingdom general elections
People First Party (Republic of China)
Natural Law Party (United States)
Foreign relations of Ukraine
Politics of Uruguay
Prime Minister of Japan
Civic Platform
Foreign relations of Venezuela
Representative democracy
Foreign relations of Romania
United States presidential election, 1812
United States presidential election, 1892
Daniel D. Tompkins
Vice president
Foreign relations of Uzbekistan
United States presidential election, 1908
History of the United States National Security Council 1969–1974
Head of government
Politics of Djibouti
Althing
President
Politics of Guinea
Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre
Politics of the Republic of Macedonia
United States presidential election, 1792
Jane Byrne
Politics of Niue