President of the People's Republic of China

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The President of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国主席; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國主席; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Zhǔxí), literally Chairman of the People's Republic of China, or abbreviated Guójiā Zhǔxí 国家主席, literally Chairman of State) is an office under the National People's Congress and it is the head of state of the People's Republic of China. The office was created by the 1982 Constitution. Formally, the President is elected by the National People's Congress in accordance with Article 62 of the Constitution. In practice, this election falls into the category of 'single-candidate' elections, which the candidate is recommended by the Politburo of the Communist Party of China.

The term Zhuxi refers to the chairman in a committee, and was translated as such prior to the 1982 constitution (as in Chairman Mao, although Mao's title refers primarily to the position of Chairman of Party which he held from 1945 until death). The official translation switched to President after 1982 in conformity with Western terminology. However, Zhuxi stayed in Chinese, and in other contexts still corresponds to chairman in English. Meanwhile, the translation of English term President as the head of other states remained Zongtong (simplified Chinese: 总统; traditional Chinese: 總統; pinyin: zǒngtǒng), causing a bit of confusion with regard to usage.[who?]

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