President pro tempore of the United States Senate

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This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the United States

The President pro tempore (pronounced /ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpəri/, ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpərɛ,[1] or ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpəreɪ;[2][3] also referred to as President pro tem) is the second-highest-ranking official of the United States Senate and the highest-ranking Senator. The United States Constitution states that the Vice President of the United States is the President of the Senate and the highest-ranking official of the Senate even though he or she votes only in the case of a tie. During the Vice President's absence, the President pro tempore is the highest-ranking official in the Senate and may preside over its sessions. The President pro tempore is elected by the Senate and is customarily the most senior Senator in the majority party. Normally, neither the Vice President of the United States nor the President pro tempore presides; instead, the duty is generally delegated to the junior Senators of the majority party to help them learn parliamentary procedure.[4] The President pro tempore is third in the line of succession to the Presidency, after the Vice President of the United States and the Speaker of the House of Representatives.[5]

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