Prime Minister of Canada

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This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of

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Sovereign (Queen Elizabeth II)

Queen's Privy Council for Canada

Government of Canada

Current Parliament (40th)

House of Commons

Parliamentary constituencies
Electoral system
Last election

Supreme Court

Court system
British North America Acts
Peace, Order and Good Government
Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Canadian federalism
Monarchy in the Canadian provinces

Executive Councils
Politics of the Canadian provinces
Municipal government in Canada

Political culture
Foreign relations
Office-holders of Canada
Civil Service
Political movements

The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus head of government for Canada, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or viceroy on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.[1] Not outlined in any constitutional document, the office exists only as per long-established convention originating in Canada's former colonial power, the United Kingdom, which stipulate that the monarch's representative, the governor general, must select as prime minister the person most likely to command the confidence of the elected House of Commons; this individual is typically the leader of the political party that holds the largest number of seats in that chamber.[n 1][2]

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