Providence County, Rhode Island

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Providence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. As of 2000, the population was 621,602. The center of population of Rhode Island is located in Providence County, in the city of Cranston [1]. It is the 97th most populous county in the United States.



Providence County was constituted on June 22, 1703, as the County of Providence Plantations. It consisted of five towns, namely Providence, Warwick, Westerly, Kingstown, and Greenwich and encompassed territory in present-day Kent and Washington counties. Washington County was split off in 1729, while Kent County was split off in 1750. The town of Cumberland was acquired from Massachusetts and added to Providence County in 1746-47, and the towns of East Providence and Pawtucket were made part of Providence County when the final border with Massachusetts was settled in 1862. County government in Rhode Island was abolished in 1842.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 436 square miles (1,129 km²), of which 413 square miles (1,070 km²) is land and 23 square miles (58 km²) (5.18%) is water.

The highest natural point in the county and the state of Rhode Island is Jerimoth Hill at 812 feet (247 m). Sea level is the lowest point.

Adjacent Counties

National protected area


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