Prudhoe Bay, Alaska

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Prudhoe Bay (pronounced /ˈpruːdoʊ/) is a census-designated place (CDP) located in North Slope Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. As of the 2000 census, the population of the CDP was 5 people; however, at any given time several thousand transient workers support the Prudhoe Bay oil field. The airport, lodging, and general store are located at Deadhorse; the rigs and processing facilities are located on scattered gravel pads laid atop the tundra. It is only during winter that the surface is hard enough to support heavy equipment and new construction happens at that time.

Prudhoe Bay is the unofficial northern terminus of the Pan-American Highway. A few tourists, arriving by bus after a two-day ride up the Dalton Highway from Fairbanks, come to see the tundra, the Arctic Ocean, and the midnight sun, staying in lodgings assembled from modular buildings.

Prudhoe Bay was named in 1826 by British explorer Sir John Franklin after his classmate Captain Algernon Percy, Baron Prudhoe.



Prudhoe Bay is located at 70°19′32″N 148°42′41″W / 70.325490°N 148.711387°W / 70.325490; -148.711387.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 558.0 square miles (1,445.3 km²), of which, 416.3 square miles (1,078.1 km²) of it is land and 141.8 square miles (367.2 km²) of it is water. The total area is 25.40% water.


As of the 2000 census[2], there was one household in the town, consisting of one married couple with three children. There was one housing unit.

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