Public Enemy (band)

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Public Enemy is an American hip hop band consisting of Chuck D; Flavor Flav; Professor Griff and his S1W group; DJ Lordand Hype man Daniel Mcgowan, who replaced Terminator X in 1999; and bassist Brian Hardgroove.[1] Formed on Long Island, New York in 1982, Public Enemy are known for their politically charged lyrics and criticism of the American media, with an active interest in the frustrations and concerns of the African American community.

In 2004, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked Public Enemy[2] number forty-four on its list of the Immortals: 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[3] Acclaimed Music ranks them the 29th most recommended musical act of all time and the highest hip-hop group.[4] The group was inducted into the Long Island Music Hall of Fame in 2007.[5]



Formation and early years (1982-1986)

Developing his talents as an MC with Flavor Flav while delivering furniture for his father's business, Chuck D (Carlton Douglas Ridenhour) and Spectrum City, as the group was called, released the record "Check out the Radio," backed by "Lies," a social commentary—both of which would influence RUSH Productions' Run-D.M.C. and Beastie Boys.

Chuck D put out a tape to promote WBAU (the radio station where he was working at the time) and to fend off a local MC who wanted to battle him. He called the tape Public Enemy #1 because he felt like he was being persecuted by people in the local scene. This was the first reference to the notion of a public enemy in any of Chuck D's songs. The single was created by Chuck D with a contribution by Flavor Flav, though this was before the group Public Enemy was officially assembled.

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